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The European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking (EuroHPC JU)

Large-Eddy Simulations of Supersonic Air Intakes

Awarded Resources (in node hours)
Meluxina CPU
System Partition
4 March 2024 - 3 March 2025
Allocation Period

Aerobic propulsion systems require sufficient airflow through the engine to operate at nominal conditions. Design of the air intake then plays a key role in the performance of the propulsion system.

This is particularly true in the supersonic flight regime where the incoming flow must be decelerated before entering the core of the engine. In optimal aerodynamic performance conditions, the inlet always operates at the near-critical condition characterized by a back-pressure-induced terminal shock standing near the duct throat. However, the basic geometry optimization for stationary flight conditions does not tackle the persisting tendency to inflow instabilities in the transient phases of engine and inlet operation.

Off-design conditions may then promote strong instabilities known as the “buzz phenomenon” that can be a great threat to air-breathing supersonic vehicles. We propose in this project to broaden the knowledge of unsteady supersonic phenomena occurring in supersonic air intakes with the aim of improving design methods in the field of supersonic propulsion.

Understanding the unsteady features of these configurations will lead to predictions of the performance and operating limits of high-speed propulsion systems. A final objective is also to provide keys for designing bleeding devices to control and avoid these detrimental unsteady flow phenomena.